Types of EVs

What Type of Electric Vehicles Are There?

The popularity of Electric Vehicles (EVs) is increasing nationwide, leading to several options for potential buyers. We've summarized some of the most common types below.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

When discussing EVs, people typically refer to Battery Electric Vehicles. These vehicles operate solely on electricity, with no gasoline engine. Energy for the vehicle comes from a rechargeable battery pack. BEVs are considered zero-emission vehicles, as they do not produce harmful tailpipe emissions or air pollution like gasoline-powered cars do.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Hybrid Electric Vehicles use both a gasoline-powered engine and an electric motor. The battery can be charged through regenerative braking. In traditional gas-powered engines, this braking energy is lost as heat in the brake pads and rotors. However, in hybrids, the energy is redirected to assist the gasoline engine during acceleration.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles also utilize both an engine and an electric motor. Similar to regular hybrids, they can partially recharge their batteries through regenerative braking. However, they typically have a larger battery and can be plugged into a grid to recharge. PHEVs can travel several dozen miles on electricity before the gasoline engine kicks in. Once the all-electric range is depleted, PHEVs operate like traditional hybrids and can travel using gasoline.